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Berlin residential complexes of the modernism era, the village of Khufaysen) – one of the first social housing projects in Berlin. Residential area, created in 1925-1933. in the south of Neukolln, designed by Martin Wagner and Bruno Taut.
After the First World War, there was a period of acute unemployment and housing in Berlin was in short supply. Private construction could not satisfy the deficit.
In the 1920s, many non-profit housing associations emerged that proposed certain social reforms. Their ideas could be realized only in the construction of large residential settlements. Hufeisen was the first example of a social housing project in Berlin.
In accordance with the building regulations of 1925, 17 residential settlements appeared in Berlin, which provided a normal level of living conditions, despite the high density of development.
Bruno Taut, appointed as the responsible architect of the project, planned to build a settlement on the territory of the former noble estate Brits. Martin Wagner, urban planning advisor, helped him prepare the concept for the residential complex. Both architects were committed to the idea of a 'new building'. Eight years after the start of construction, a settlement of 1,072 apartments has grown, corresponding to the ideas of 'new construction'. Each building in this village has its own garden.
Architectural simplicity, the functionality of the new housing was achieved through effective means: window sashes with sashes, alternation of smooth and textured plaster, clinker tiles at the corners of buildings. Also, a distinctive feature is the color scheme of the facades: one side was painted red, the other – in blue.
The village of Khufaysen still enjoys great love among residents, despite the small size of the apartments. At the end of the century, restoration work was carried out in the village, the state took it under protection as a historical monument. In 2008, along with other residential complexes of Berlin modernism, Hufaisen was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
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Topic: Berlin residential complexes of the modernist era (Hufaisen village) in Germany, Berlin resort.