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Sumava National Park is the largest nature park in Central Europe. The total length of the park is over 69 thousand hectares. Since 1961, the Sumava region has been declared a protected area, and since 1991 it has been declared a national park. Today Sumava is included in the list of UNESCO biosphere reserves. The Sumava Park got its name in honor of the mountain massif of the same name.
This massif has a length of about 140 kilometers and stretches along the German border. The Sumava National Park is located in close proximity to the Bavarian Forest Park.
The Sumava Massif is one of the oldest mountain ranges in Europe. About 80% of the park's territory is covered by forests. Territory, where the park is located, is famous for its beautiful landscapes. These are peat bogs, cool lakes, and untouched primeval forests. A popular route in the park is the Boubin Primordial Forest, located on the slope of Mount Boubin.
In the central part of the park, there are the highest peaks, adjacent to grassy plains with many rivers and streams. To this day, traces of the ice age can be observed here – there are eight glacial lakes in the park, which are located at an altitude of 1000 – 1100 meters. It also houses the largest water reservoir in Central Europe. The main rivers in the region are the Vltava with tributaries that form the Otava River at the confluence.
The park is home to many species of birds. Here you can meet kingfisher, falcon, woodpecker, wood grouse, eagle, etc. In the last century, the territory of the park was a vast hunting zone, which is why the number of representatives of the animal world in the region is so small. Many species of animals were exterminated at that time. Today, the park is inhabited by an otter, lynx, deer, many-legged owl, etc.
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Topic: Sumava National Park in the Czech Republic.