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Tbilisi – the capital, the largest city in terms of area and population in Georgia. Located in the central region of the country, in the Tbilisi Basin, on both banks of the Kura River. Some areas of the city expanded to the surrounding mountain slopes. The difference in elevation above sea level within the city limits exceeds 400 meters.
The population of Tbilisi is 1 120,000 people, the overwhelming majority of whom are Georgians, in second place – Armenians, in the third – Russians.
You can get to Tbilisi by plane from Moscow. Sheremetyevo airport has regular daily flights, 6 planes depart weekly from Vnukovo, from Sheremetyevo – 2 planes per week. The flight time is 2.5 hours.
IMPORTANT: Due to the aggravation of relations between Russia and Georgia, the Moscow-Sochi-Tbilisi railway route was canceled in 2008, and bus routes were also canceled. For this reason, it is now possible to legally get to Georgia only by air.
According to the climatic characteristics, Tbilisi belongs to the transitional type of climate – from subtropics to temperate latitudes, although some sources confidently refer the city to the first type. Summers are hot here and winters are relatively mild and dry. Air humidity exceeds 68% throughout the year.
Summer temperatures in Tbilisi peak in July – the air at this time can heat up to +40 o C in the shade, although the norm is +25 o C. At night, under the influence of the surrounding mountains in the city, the air temperature can drop to +11 o C.
In winter, the average thermometer in Tbilisi will be +3 o S. Snow is a rare phenomenon, but due to high humidity and night frosts, icy phenomena are possible. The absolute minimum in Tbilisi was the recorded temperature of -24 o C. This happens very rarely, but there is a risk of severe frost every winter.
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Topic: Geography and climate in Tbilisi.