Burgplatz in Germany, Dusseldorf resort (Topic)

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Burgplatz in Germany, Dusseldorf resort

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The Burgplatz square is the center of the historic part of Düsseldorf. The area is located on the Rhine coast. In 1995, the square was included in the list of historical and architectural monuments.

Burgplatz existed practically from the day the city was founded. In 1288, after the settlement received the status of a city, the construction of the Düsseldorf Castle began here to collect duties and protect the city. The area inside the castle complex is called Burgplatz. For several centuries, Burgplatz was the central square of Dusseldorf.

At the end of the 16th century, the castle became the seat of the rulers of the Duchy of Julich-Kleve-Berg. In the 17th century, on the initiative of Johann-Wilhelm, the castle became the seat of the Electors of the Palatinate. After the death of Johann Wilhelm, it ceases to exist as the residence of the electors.

At the end of the 18th century, the castle was seriously damaged by shelling by the French Revolutionary Army. A severe fire in the castle also occurred in 1872. After that, the castle began to decay and decay.

At the beginning of the 20th century, the western wall of the castle was demolished, as a result, the Burgplatz square received an open access to the Rhine River. A promenade was organized on the embankment, and a pier was created right next to the square. The Düssel Tower was built in 1902, later a wine bar was opened in the tower, which later became a popular meeting place.

At the end of World War II, the Düssel Tower was demolished because it interfered with the construction of the B1 federal highway. In the 1980s, due to heavy traffic on the B1 highway, it was decided to build a tunnel. The tunnel was opened in 1993. In connection with the space freed from car traffic, it was decided to design the Burgplatz in a new way. To this end, in 1991, the city authorities announced a competition for the best design of the square, in which the project was won by architects Benedikt Stahl, Niklaus Fritschy and Gunther Baum. The construction of the Burgplatz was completed in 1995.

Nowadays, the square is a favorite pedestrian zone for both tourists and townspeople. A number of different events are held on the square every year - days of Japan and France, jazz festivals, cross-country skiing, bicycle days, book fairs, etc.


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