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Santiago de Compostela – it is the third center of Christianity after Jerusalem and Rome. Even today tourists and pilgrims come here from all over the world to wander around the medieval city and see the majestic cathedral. The city with the Cathedral is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List
After the tombstone with the relics of St. James was found in the city, the ruler of Spain Alfonso II ordered to build a chapel here. Many pilgrims began to arrive here, and subsequently a tent camp was formed around the chapel. Gradually, a city was formed here, and the chapel was turned into a basilica and richly decorated.
The city consists of old and new parts. In the old zone, which is the concentration of monasteries, churches and palaces, car traffic is completely prohibited.
The main attraction of the city – Cathedral of St. Jacob. It was completed at different times. In total, the cathedral has four facades: southern, eastern, western and central. The central facade was made in the 18th century in the Baroque style. The northern facade was built later, but also in the 18th century. It is executed in a style that is transitional from baroque to neoclassical. The eastern facade was built in the 17th century in the Baroque style, but it suffered quite a lot from rebuilding. The south facade was built before anyone else, in 1075, in a Romanesque style.
The cathedral's museum houses a large collection of religious art. The crypt contains the most valuable treasure of the cathedral –
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Topic: The old town of Santiago de Compostela in Spain.