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The Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere is now considered the first church in Rome consecrated in honor of the Virgin.
The church was founded by Saint Callix in 221 , the construction of the building was completed under Pope Julia the First in 341. A lot of reconstruction work carried out throughout the entire existence of the church could not affect its original appearance.
The final appearance of the church was formed under Pope Innocent II in the 12th century. At that time, the temple was decorated with Byzantine-style mosaics. The Arc de Triomphe is decorated with images of the symbols of the Evangelists, at the end of the apse you can see the image of the scene of the coronation of the Virgin Mary, as well as the frieze of Christ the Angel, surrounded by the flock. In the 18th century, during the restoration work, Pope Clement the Seventh asked to build a portico in front of the church facade. The construction work at that time was supervised by the architect Carlo Fontana. Since then, the facade of the temple has been decorated with a high tympanum and richly decorated portals.
The interior of the church is decorated with columns, there is also an apse with mosaics by Pietro Cavallini, created in the middle of the 12th century. The scene of the birth of Jesus dates back to the 4th century.
The basilica also contains works of art from antiquity, early Christianity and the Middle Ages.
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Topic: Church of Santa Maria in Trastevere in Italy, Rome resort.