Monastery and gate chapel in Germany (Topic)

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Monastery and gate chapel in Germany

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Monastery and gate chapel – monastery, known as one of the centers of the Carolingian Renaissance. Included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.

In 764 in Lorsch by Count Kankor   a Benedictine monastery was established. At first, the monastery was run by the count's nephew, the Metz bishop Chrodegang. Later management was transferred to his brother. The Pope sent the relics of Saint Nazarius to the monastery as a sign of favor. This was supposed to facilitate the influx of pilgrims. The cathedral church was consecrated in 774 in honor of St. Nazarius.

In 1231, Lorsch was transferred to the Archbishop of Mainz by Frederick II. Prior to this, the abbey was an independent principality. The descendants of Charlemagne were buried here: Louis the German and Louis   III Junior. The scriptorium and library at the monastery also gained fame.

In 1428, the Order of the Premonstrants took over the monastery. During the Reformation, the manuscripts from the monastery library were transported to the University of Heidelberg by the Count Palatine Otto Heinrich; a significant part of the monastery buildings was destroyed or damaged in the 17th century during the Thirty Years War and the invasions of the troops of Louis XIV.

Gate chapel – the most interesting surviving structure in Lorsch. It was built by Emperor Louis III. As an example of Carolingian architecture, the chapel has all the signs of this trend. Together with other structures, more precisely, their ruins, the gate chapel is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.

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Topic: Monastery and gate chapel in Germany.Monastery and gate chapel in Germany

Author: Kelly Costine