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The Palace of Independence is one of the historical landmarks of Ho Chi Minh City.
The palace was built on the site of the ancient Norodoma Palace. The architect of the building was Ngo Viet Thu. The palace was built for the President of South Vietnam as a workplace and residence.
In April 1975, during the fall of Saigon, a transfer of power took place in the palace. Since then, the building has received the name of the Palace of Independence.
In 1858, France organized the first attack on Da Nang, in connection with which the invasion of Vietnam was initiated. After 9 years, France completed the conquest of Cochin (Nam Bo). In February 1868, Lagrandier, the governor of Cochinchina, organized a ceremony of laying the foundation stone of the building, which was erected on the site of an old wooden palace built in 1863.
Hermit – the architect who created the Hong Kong City Hall. The very first stone was brought to Ho Chi Minh City from Bien Hoa. The stone was made in the form of a cube, in which holes were made, where there were French gold and silver coins.
The palace complex occupied an area of 12 hectares. The palace complex included a palace with a reception hall that could accommodate up to 800 people, and a facade reaching 80 meters in length. Gardens were laid out around the complex. Most of the building materials came from France.
In 1870, during the Franco-Prussian war, the construction of the castle was temporarily stopped, and therefore the castle was completed only by 1873. In honor of the King of Cambodia, the palace was named Norod.
In 1871-1887, the building belonged to the French governor of Cochin, from 1887 to 1945 the palace was used as the residence of the governors general of French Indochina.
During World War II Japan won a victory over France, after which it took France's place in French Indochina. At the same time, Norodom Palace became the seat of Japanese colonists. In September 1945, Japan was defeated by the allied forces, and France returned to Cochin and, in particular, returned the palace to itself.
In May 1954, after the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, France admitted defeat from the Vietming and agreed to sign the Geneva Agreement. According to the agreement, Vietnam was to be divided into two parts for two years. In September 1954, the palace was transferred to Ngo Dinh Diem – the Prime Minister of Vietnam, and Paul Eli – representative of the French government.
In 1955, Ngo Dinh Diemu became President of Vietnam, and the palace was renamed the Palace of Independence. In February 1962, the palace was destroyed during the bombing, however, already in July of the same year, new construction began here, which was completed by 1966.
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Topic: Vietnam Independence Palace, Ho Chi Minh City.