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One of the most popular tourist attractions in Cesky Krumlov is the Eggenberg Brewery.
Beer has been brewed in the city since time immemorial. In the 13th century, one of the courtyards of the castle housed a noble brewery and a malt house, where quality beer was brewed for noble gentlemen, and weak beer for monks, servants and peasants.
In 1347, the city received from Peter the Great of Rosenberg the privilege for the construction of a tavern and the production of malt and beer. At that time, wheat and barley beers were produced. In 1560, it was decided to build a new brewery.
Until 1555, Cesky Krumlov consisted of two cities – Krumlov and Latran. There were frequent disputes between the two cities over the privilege of producing wheat beer. In 1459 Latran, on equal terms with Krumlov, also received the privilege of producing this beer. In 1503, only Krumlov had the privilege. Due to frequent disputes, Willem Rosenberg united the two cities.
In the 16th century, it became insufficient to produce beer, because the demand for it was constantly increasing. At that time, in every eighth house in the city there was a tavern where beer was sold. This was the reason for the construction of a new brewery.
In the 17th century, Peter Vok, the last nobleman of the Rozmberg family, managed to make a lot of debts before his death, and as a result, Rudolf Habsburg passed the Krumlov estate. In 1622 the Eggenberg family took possession of the priesthood. To meet the growing demand for beer, the Eggenbergs decided to transform the former residence of Anna's widow into a large brewery. The reconstruction was carried out from 1625 to 1630. Since then, excellent beer has been brewed here without interruption.
In 1719, the Schwarzenberg family took over the estate. During this time, the building was rebuilt in the Baroque style and the brewery was modernized. The Schwarzenbergs also organized the supply of hops from North Bohemia. Steam engines began to be used for beer production in 1880.
At the end of World War II, the brewery, like most other enterprises, was nationalized. At the same time, it became part of the Budejovice Brewers enterprise. In the early 90s, the brewery was acquired by Dionex, which still owns it.
Today the brewery is a complex of buildings with a courtyard. The buildings in the courtyard are made using the sgrafitto technique. The buildings on the north and east sides are also part of the brewery complex.
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Topic: Eggenberg Brewery in the Czech Republic, Cesky Krumlov spa.