Michonne Temple Complex in Vietnam (Topic)

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Michonne Temple Complex in Vietnam

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Michonne is a large temple complex that belonged to the Champa Empire. The complex is located in the central part of Vietnam, in the Quang Nam province, 50 kilometers from the city of Hoi An. Since 1999 Michon has been included in the UNESCO list.

From IV to XII century Michon was the capital of the Champa empire. The culture of this empire was mainly influenced by Indian culture, which was reflected in the art and religion of Champa (worship of the god Shiva).

From 2002 to the present, archaeological excavations sponsored by UNESCO have been carried out here.

In the course of the work carried out here, a tower was found destroyed during the war in 1969. Previously, the tower reached a height of 24 meters, it was decorated with sculptures of elephants and lions. The bombing also partially or completely destroyed 50 of the 70 temples.

For almost a thousand years Michonne was the spiritual center of the Champa Empire. The origin of the chams is still unknown, but it is obvious that they were an important element of Indianization in Southeast Asia from the 1st to the 2nd centuries AD. An important part of the culture of the groups was the creation of massive monuments and temples.

The ancient state of Champa existed from the 2nd to the 15th century. From the 9th century, Champa fought against the Vietnamese Diveet and the Angora Empire. For centuries, the political capital of the empire was Simhaputra – Lion fortress, the remains of which can be seen in the village of Chakyeu. Michonne was located near Simhaputra, and served as a religious and cultural center, and was also the burial place of the rulers of Champa.

The construction of monumental chama towers was carried out on rectangular or square bases. The towers consisted of three elements – the foundations (`` the world of people '') of the tower (`` the world of spirits '') and the top of the tower (`` the area between two worlds ''). Mainly sandstone and brick were used as construction materials. Michon's builders drew their inspiration exclusively from India. The central figure of the cult was Shiva, whose images can be seen on any of the surviving Cham structures.

Most of the local temples were dedicated to the kings of the Champa empire, who are classified as Indian gods. In each royal tomb, a stele was installed, which indicated the name, date of birth and achievements of the ruler and members of the royal court,

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Topic: Michonne Temple Complex in Vietnam.Michonne Temple Complex in Vietnam

Author: Kelly Costine