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Golitsyn trail – a famous hiking trail in Crimea, covering the vicinity of the city of Sudak and several resort villages. At present it has variable routes, but in general it has remained a popular trail for several decades.
History of the route
The history of the creation of the Golitsyn Trail goes back to the pre-revolutionary era. At that time, these lands were owned by Prince Lev Golitsyn, who in 1878 bought a huge piece of land from a Georgian aristocrat for a symbolic amount. Golitsyn's goal was to create a unique wine-making economy in Crimea, which would not be inferior in product quality to European lands.
This goal was achieved. In a matter of years, the vineyards were broken, they cultivated grape varieties for champagne and red wine, which was then recognized throughout Russia. The technology of wine and champagne production fell in love with many Russian aristocrats, who bought hundreds of bottles from Golitsyn every month. The glory of these wines also reached the Romanov imperial family.
Nicholas II managed to get to Golitsyn's estate, which he named Paradise, only in 1912. This visit became a turning point in the further fate of the prince's entire land. The road along which the emperor walked during his arrival became the future Golitsyn Trail, and the emperor himself suggested changing the foreign name Paradise to the New World. Since then, the Golitsyn estate and the resort village that has grown over the years around it began to be called that way.
After Golitsyn's death in 1915, the wine-making traditions in the Novy Svet continued, and the famous hiking trail attracted many guests. But the revolution broke out, the crypt with the ashes of the owner of the estate was plundered, like all the nearest buildings. The actual revival of the New World began only in 1978, when the Museum of the History of Winemaking was opened here.
The Golitsyn Tourist Trail was fully operational in 2003, although the main objects on it were already two decades. Now tourists are charged for the right to walk along the trail. All money raised goes to support the buildings of the New World.
Description and duration
The Golitsyn trail is rightfully called a masterpiece of Crimean landscape design. It passes through the picturesque places of the peninsula, skirting around famous natural and man-made objects. The total length of the route today is 5 kilometers.
The trail begins on the eastern slope of Mount Koba-Kaya, past the coast to Passage Grotto, located on Cape Kapchik and relict juniper thickets. Skirting several other important points, the path returns to the New World.
The most picturesque part of the route – these are coastal paths that run from the Passing Grotto to the Blue Bay. This place is considered one of the most beautiful bays not only in the Novy Svet resort, but also in the whole Crimea. Most of the Crimea travel guides that have nothing to do with the Golitsyn Trail partially cover this section of the path.
Path from the Through grotto
From Blue Bay the road goes to the central attraction of the route – Chaliapin Grotto or Golitsyn Grotto. This natural rock formation once served as cellars for all the wine bottles and barrels that were poured in the Paradise grounds. Nature has allowed this place to create a regularly cool and very humid environment, ideal for storing wine. It now hosts cultural events and daily excursions.
From the grotto, the road will lead to Golubaya Bay. Here is the most famous beach of the New World – Tsar's Beach. It was here that Nicholas II rested and swam in the sea only once, after whom a piece of the coast was named. In recent years, the rocks have started to collapse severe rockfalls. Therefore, the beach had to be closed. Guards are on duty on the shore in the daytime, not allowing tourists to reach a dangerous distance.
Walkthrough Golitsyn's trails can end right here – owners of boats are on duty all summer long on the shore of Golubaya Bay, who quickly drive the guest to the pier of the village of Novy Svet. It will cost, by the way, not cheap, but fans of boat trips can pamper themselves.
If it was decided to continue the journey, then the next stop will be juniper grove. This forest is relict, the age of some plantings exceeds 400 years, and a number of shrubs grow here even longer. The microclimate itself created by the juniper has a positive effect on health, in particular, on the work of the respiratory tract, therefore, a visit to the grove will be not only pleasant, but also rewarding.
Right at the exit from the grove, the road back to the New World begins. For tired and hungry tourists, cafes and small kiosks were built here. The route ends where it started.
Except for natural attractions, there are a number of other places worth visiting along the Golitsyn Trail. The Winemaking Museum, which has existed since 1978, is located right in the New World. It was equipped right in Golitsyn's house, partially using offices and living rooms. The exposition will tell about the traditions of Crimean winemakers and the production technology of the legendary champagne `` from Golitsyn ''.
Cape Kapchik can be called one of the most mysterious places on the Golitsyn trail. According to legend, pirate treasures were hidden in one of the caves under a coral reef. If you wish, you can go down to another cave, where there is your own salt lake.
In 1927 there was a terrible earthquake, as a result of which Golitsyn's path was littered with stones. It took several years to fully restore the tourist route and some of its objects.
The Chaliapin Grotto was unofficially named after the legendary opera singer. Information was actively spread that the famous bass owner loved to sing here, but how often this happened, no one knows. Also, some stories were often associated with his presence in the grotto, which local guides would be happy to tell about.
Golitsyn himself divided the grotto into two parts: wine and champagne were kept in the far corner. Over time, shelves and arches for wine were destroyed, but niches for champagne remained. It was from here that sparkling wine was often delivered to imperial residences throughout Russia. It is also known for certain that Golitsyn's champagne was used on the menu of the main imperial celebrations, including the coronation of Nicholas II.
Not far from the grotto there could be a medieval monastery, but this information needs confirmation. Some historians claim that the holy monastery was located right within the walls of the grotto, others that there was a monastic treasury here.
Cape Kapchik and its picturesque surroundings became the location for several Soviet and Russian films at once. The most famous was the comedy Three Plus Two. In addition, the Blue Bay was the site of the textured filming of the film `` Pirates of the XX century. ''
Cape Kapchik and its picturesque surroundings have become the filming location for several Soviet and Russian films. The most famous was the comedy Three Plus Two. In addition, the Blue Bay was the site of the textured filming of the film `` Pirates of the XX century. ''
Cape Kapchik and its picturesque surroundings have become the filming location for several Soviet and Russian films. The most famous was the comedy Three Plus Two. In addition, the Blue Bay was the location of the textured filming of the film `` Pirates of the XX century. ''
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