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The capital of Turkey is the picturesque city Ankara. It is located in the central part of the country. The city occupies about 1.5 thousand square kilometers of the Anatolian plateau at an altitude of 940 meters above sea level, where the Ankara and Chubuk rivers merge into one.
The capital is inhabited by almost 5 million people. It is the second most populous city after Istanbul.
Despite the fact that the capital of Turkey is located far from the sea, its geographical position is considered to be quite advantageous. Even in Roman times, Ankara, and then Ankyra, was located near the most important trade routes. It was from that time that the city began to flourish as a commercial and political center.
The capital of Turkey has an international airport Esenboga. It operates direct flights from many countries, including Russia. The flight will take from three hours. Air traffic also connects the capital with other cities of the country - Izmir, Istanbul, Antalya and many others. The distance between the city and the airport is about 30 km.
In addition, Ankara is a major railway junction. Trains go to the city from Istanbul, Izmir, Balikesir (from the west), Burdur and Isparta (from the southwest), Zonguldak (from the north), Adana (from the south), Diyarbakir (from the east). It is believed that it is faster to travel by bus than by train. For example, the road to Ankara from Istanbul will take 5.5 hours if you go by train and half an hour or an hour less if you go by bus. The main bus station of the capital is considered to be the bus station in Kyzylai, located in the western part of the city.
You can get around the city by buses, trams, metro (Ankara Metrosu) and taxis. For long trips, the metro is more suitable, since it is easier to navigate in it than in buses. For short transfers around the city, it is more profitable to use a taxi.
Ankara's time zone: UTC + 3, 1 hour behind Moscow time.
Ankara has a temperate continental, arid climate. In summer, hot weather reigns here with large differences in daily temperatures.
The usual summer temperature for these places is + 23 ... + 28 ° С, while at night the thermometer can drop to + 9 ... + 12 ° С. The summer is characterized by little rainfall. Autumn begins here only in mid-October. In winter in these parts the temperature is usually -6 ... + 4 ° С, snow may appear.
Most rainfall occurs in the off-season. The norm of cages per year is 402 mm (104 days of bad weather for all the time of the year).
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Topic: Geography and Climate in Ankara.