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Galata Tower is located in the Galata area. This tower can be seen from almost anywhere in the central area of Istanbul. The Galata Tower is one hundred and forty meters above sea level. Its height is 61 meters, and the diameter of the tower is only 9 meters.
The Galata Tower is considered one of the most famous symbols of Istanbul. In 1341, the construction of the Galata walls began. And the tower itself was built in 1348-1349, then it was called the Tower of Jesus and was used as a fortification in the defense of the Byzantine regions, and also served to develop trade relations between Byzantium and other countries.
In the period from 1514 Until 1595, the Galata Tower served as an observatory, inside which a flight of stairs was completed. A strong earthquake in 1509 destroyed part of the tower; its restoration in the 16th century was carried out under the leadership of the architect Hayreddin. For the Galata Tower, the 17th century marked the period when it changed its name again. At that time it was called the Tower of Hezarfen. Hezarfen was the first Turkish balloonist to fly over the Bosphorus on makeshift wings, and the upper part of the Galata Tower served as a launching pad for his flight.
In the 20th century, restoration work took place in the Galata Tower, during which the construction of a roof was completed. conical shape. Now inside the Galata Tower there is an elevator with which you can go upstairs, where there are a cafe, a restaurant, and an observation deck.
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Topic: Galata Tower in Turkey, Istanbul resort.