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Mafia is the southernmost island of the Zanzibar archipelago.
The population of the island is about 40 thousand people.
The name Mafia has nothing to do with criminal the world of Italy, and goes back to the Arabic word meaning"healing lands". The island was originally called Chole Shamba, and before the arrival of the first conquistadors it was the most important point of trade with the countries of the Arab and Indian world. Later, after the proclamation of the sultanate by Said, the Mafia island remained independent and never became part of the sultanate. He joined Tanzania along with Zanzibar in the 60s of the XX century.
You can get to the Mafia by fast boat from the coast of mainland Tanzania. The ferry does not go here because the island does not have an equipped port.
You can also fly from Zanzibar or Dar es Salaam by a small plane, the island has its own runway.
Time zone: GTM + 3 (minus 1 hour from Moscow time).
The island is located in the subequatorial monsoon zone. The type of climatic zone is defined as maritime, which gives a milder climate than on the mainland.
Daily temperature drops are insignificant, almost all year round hot weather and rather dry.
The coldest month in the year, as it should be for the southern hemisphere, July. The temperature in this month does not rise above +26 ° C.
In the rest of the months (except for June and August), the temperature stays at +32 ° C.
The wettest month - April. During this month, a third of the annual rainfall falls, about 300 mm. The rest of the months are dry enough, from May to October - the dry season, which manifests itself in the form of a small amount of precipitation - 40-50 mm per month. There is no precipitation on the mainland at this time.
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Topic: Geography and climate in Mafia.