Geography and climate in Zanzibar (Topic)

Traval Articles » Travel » Geography and climate in Zanzibar

Geography and climate in Zanzibar

Rating: 8,5/10 (3064 votes)


Zanzibar is an archipelago located in the coastal zone of Tanzania in the Indian Ocean, part of the country, also the island of the same name, the largest of the islands of the archipelago.

The administrative center is Zanzibar Town.

Since the Middle Ages, the island has been actively explored by Portuguese colonists, who immediately turned Zanzibar into a slave resale point. In the 17th century, the Arabs who came tried to recapture the island from the Europeans, but they managed to do this only after 2 centuries. In the 19th century, a sultanate was established in Zanzibar, which existed for almost a century. The island was incorporated into Tanzania only in the middle of the 20th century.

Since the island has always had relative sovereignty from mainland Tanzania, constantly moving from one country to another, the national composition of Zanzibar is somewhat different. There are more Arabs and mestizos here, it is also worth noting that the island is 99% Muslim.

You can get to Zanzibar by air. There is no direct flight connection between Tanzania and Russia at the moment; transfers will be required in Europe. Zanzibar has one of the 3 and second largest international airports in Tanzania (the rest are in Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro). Comfortable flights provided by European airlines will allow you to forget about the inconvenience of a flight.

From mainland Tanzania to Zanzibar can be reached by ferry from the port of Dar es Salaam.

Time zone: GTM + 3 (minus 1 hour from Moscow time).


Zanzibar is located in the subequatorial zone. The type of climate on the island is monsoon marine. Unlike most areas of mainland Tanzania, the relative humidity is higher here, which makes it easier for guests from northern countries to acclimate.

The warmest months here, which is typical for the southern hemisphere, are three months of winter. The average monthly temperature in these months is about + 35 ° C, the thermometer is unlikely to drop below due to the latitudinal location of the island.

The coldest months are three months of summer, however, unlike the continental summer months, summers in Zanzibar are milder and warmer, there are no sudden changes in temperature in the evening and at night. The average temperature at this time is kept at +26 ° C.

Precipitation on the island is not a distinctive feature of the climate, however, it literally floods with rain throughout April. The average in April is 320 mm.

In the rest of the months, the average precipitation is hardly more than 150 mm. And in the period from June to August, a drought occurs, and precipitation falls in an amount of approximately 30-40 mm per month.


We also recommend reading Geography and climate in Chiang Rai

Topic: Geography and climate in Zanzibar.Geography and climate in Zanzibar

Author: Kelly Costine