Ruins of Pinara in Turkey, Xanthos Valley Resort (Topic)

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Ruins of Pinara in Turkey, Xanthos Valley Resort

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Previously, Pinara was one of the main cities not only in the Xanthos Valley, but also in Lycia. The city is located 55 kilometers from Fethiye.

The settlement of Pinara took place already in the 5th century BC. It is believed that the city arose due to the overpopulation of Xanthos. According to scientists, the city was founded by Pinarus, who set foot on these lands with the first Cretans.

The word 'pinara'; in the language of the Lycians it meant 'round hill'. However, the city was built on a high mountain with a flat top. Most likely, the city got its name due to the rounded elevation, on which the acropolis was later built.

You can get to Pinara only along a winding serpentine. The mountain on which the city is located is about 600 meters high. Today, hundreds of rectangular tombs can be observed on the eastern slope of the mountain.

At one time, the city was one of the largest in Lycia. Also Pinara was considered a religious center dedicated to such gods as Athena, Aphrodite and Apollo. There is an assumption that a phallic cult existed in the city, as evidenced by the carved ornaments.

The city has many different structures and monuments. First of all, it is worth highlighting the ruins of several temples, the most remarkable of which is considered to be the Temple of Aphrodite, famous for its columns, made in the shape of hearts.

The city also has a large number of sarcophagi and tombs. Most notable is the Royal Tomb, which was built for an important ruler. The tomb is decorated with very detailed reliefs depicting cities,

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Topic: Ruins of Pinara in Turkey, Xanthos Valley Resort.Ruins of Pinara in Turkey, Xanthos Valley Resort

Author: Kelly Costine