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The Ludwig Museum in Cologne is one of the most important museums in the world dedicated to contemporary art. The collection of the museum is considered one of the most extensive and interesting. The museum is housed in a modern building, built in 1986. The constantly changing exhibitions occupy two floors of the building.
Peter Ludwig, born in Koblenz in 1925, was the head of the family's confectionery business and an art collector. With all the money he earned, Ludwig acquired paintings and sculptures from different eras – Antiquity, Middle Ages, Baroque, Rococo. Ludwig also collected works of art brought from Africa, China, America and India.
In 1957, Ludwig donated about 300 works of contemporary art to Cologne. This is where the history of the museum began. In 1986, a modern building was erected between Cologne Cathedral and the Rhine embankment, designed by Oswald Ungers.
Today in the museum you can see the works of Max Ernst – Laon, Crucifixion, Madonna and Child and Meeting Friends. Also here are the works of Pablo Picasso – 'Woman with Artichoke' and 'Harlequin'. After her husband's death, Irena Ludwig donated 774 Picasso paintings to the museum, as well as prints, ceramics, watercolors and drawings.
The collection of American pop art is represented by works by Roy Lichtenstein, Klaus Oldenburg, Enri Warhol, Jasper Johns, James Rosenquist, Tom Wesselmann and others.
Ludwig also showed a genuine interest in the Russian avant-garde. Today the museum houses the works of Kazimir Malevich and Alexander Rodchenko.
Also in the museum there is a huge collection of cameras and photographs of the XIX – XX centuries. There are several halls here – `` Tubeless Photography '', `` American Photography '' and 'Artistic photography'.
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Topic: Ludwig Museum in Germany, Cologne spa.