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Fortress Feste Coburg – Bavarian fortress located in the city of Coburg. The largest and well-preserved fortress in Germany. The second name of the fortress – `` crown of Franconia '', – received by her due to beauty and size. The most popular tourist route in Europe passes by the fortress – The Road of Castles. On the route from Mannheim to Prague there are such tourist centers as Rothenburg, Heidelberg, Nuremberg, Karlovy Vary, Marianske Lazne.
The first mention of the fortress dates back to 1056. In 1060, the chapel of Saints Peter and Paul was built here. The fortress was used for its intended purpose, and over the centuries it was sieged and attacked many times. In 1325, for example, the fortress tried to capture the bishop of Wurzburg. In 1353, power changed in Coburg; now it belongs to the representative of the Wettin family, Friedrich Meissen, who ruled over Saxony and Thuringia. In 1451 the castle was besieged by Duke Wilhelm of Saxony the Brave. The reason for the attack was that the owners of the castle did not pay the duke a debt of 42 thousand guilders for a long time. After a long siege, the debt was paid. At the end of the 15th century, the Vettin family split into several branches. The dukes of Coburg settled in the fortress. Until 1918, the fortress was the residence of this family.
In 1530, Martin Luther, excommunicated and outlawed by the emperor, lived in the fortress for several months at the invitation of Elector Johann the Hard of Saxony; ... From here, Luther sent over 120 letters to his associates, edited the Augsburg Confession. F. Melanchthon. Martin Luther also worked here on the German translation of the Bible, completed in 1534.
During the Thirty Years War, about eight hundred people took refuge in for several years they defended the fortress from the 40-thousandth army. But, using cunning, in 1635 the fortress was captured
Soon the fortress lost its value and military significance, due to the appearance of powerful artillery. In 1802, all the cannons of the fortress were melted down, and it was used as a prison.
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Topic: Fortress Feste Coburg in Germany, resort Bavaria.