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The medieval Liechtenstein Castle, located a few kilometers from Vienna in the Vienna Woods, is one of the most beautiful castles in Austria, where every tourist seeks to visit.
Historians believe that the castle was built at the initiative of Hugo von Lichtenstein, in 1135. At that time, the castle served as a fortress and consisted of the chapel of St. Panratius and a stone tower. The building material was bricks made in a quarry near St. Margarethen. From 1140 until the 13th century, the castle was ruled by the princely family of Liechtenstein. The family is believed to have acquired its name from the castle.
The castle was first mentioned in documents dated 1330. During this period, the castle was called the House of the Liechtenstein. Subsequently, the castle was repeatedly rebuilt, expanded and quite often changed owners.
In 1480 the first siege of the castle by the Turks took place. In 1529, the castle was again besieged, and this time completely destroyed. The restoration work of the castle was carried out only in 1678. In 1683, the castle was again destroyed by the Turks.
At the beginning of the 19th century, the castle ruins were bought by Johann Joseph I, Prince of Lichenstein. In 1820, next to the castle, on the initiative of the prince, the construction of the Liechenstein Palace began, a model for which was Weilburg Castle.
The restoration work of the old castle began only in 1890, and ended thirteen years later.
During the Second World War, the castle, being on the front line, was seriously damaged. After the war, Austria was divided between four countries – Great Britain, France, USSR and USA. The castle entered the Soviet occupation zone. Despite this, the castle was restored by volunteer scouts from the city of Maria-Enzersdorf.
In 1975, the castle was leased to the city authorities. At the end of the lease in 2007, the castle was completely transferred to the principality of Liechenstein.
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Topic: Liechtenstein Castle in Austria, Lower Austria resort.