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The ancient Roman city of Carnuntum, located between Vienna and Bratislava, today is a real open-air museum, where every tourist who visits Austria strives to get.
Carnuntum became an object for research only in the middle of the 19th century. During the excavations, many sensational finds were discovered. At the end of the 19th century, in the vicinity of Karnuntum, it was decided to build a museum, the project of which was the architect Friedrich Ohmann. In May 1904, the grand opening of the museum took place, which was attended by Emperor Franz Joseph.
The city was formed on the Danube coast at the place where ancient trade routes crossed. For the first time, Carnuntum is mentioned during the etching period of Emperor Tiberius, who ordered the construction of a winter camp here. According to archaeological data, the city was quite rich, as evidenced by the preserved Roman baths and a huge amphitheater, designed for 13 thousand spectators.
Due to its strategic objectives, the city gained political influence – from here the Romans prepared a plan for the conquest of Germany. The history of the city's prosperity ended after the collapse of the Roman Empire. Subsequently, Carnuntum was destroyed by the German army.
Nowadays, archaeological excavations are also actively conducted in the city. More recently, thanks to radar equipment, the remains of the gladiator school were discovered. Even before the excavation began, the instruments showed the walls of the rooms in which, according to scientists, gladiators lived. The devices also showed that there was a cemetery behind the school, where the defeated gladiators were buried after the fights.
Public baths dated to 124 are also noteworthy. Here you can see canals, fragments of floors, as well as basements.
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Topic: Archaeological Park Petronel-Carnuntum in Austria, Lower Austria resort.