Historical center of Wismar in Germany (Topic)

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Historical center of Wismar in Germany

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Wismar – a German port city on the shores of the Baltic Sea, one of the first prosperous cities in the Hansa. The historic center, included in the UNESCO World Heritage List and being under its tutelage, with mansions and temples in the brick Gothic style, is the pride of the townspeople.

Wismar emerged as a settlement of the Polabian Slavs, and in the first half XIII century received the status of a city. In 1259, an alliance was concluded with the cities of Rostock and Lubeck to coordinate the fight against sea robbers. During the Middle Ages, the city traded in beer and herring, the production of cloth flourished.

The city still has its own flag, although these are relics of past city liberties.

In 1376, an epidemic of the bubonic plague claimed the lives of a large part of the city's population. With the discovery of America, the city began to lose its significance, trade routes shifted to the Atlantic. The Thirty Years' War ended the decline. In 1648, the Westphalian Peace Treaty was concluded, according to which Wismar became part of Swedish Pomerania. A century and a half later, Sweden experienced a crisis and the city was founded with the right to return the city in a hundred years. So the city became part of the German Republic, but the Swedish authorities did not recognize the loss of rights to Wismar until the beginning of the 20th century.

The city was significantly damaged by bombing during World War II.

The Market Square is considered the heart of the city, and the Church of the Virgin Mary, made in the brick Gothic style, is one of the largest churches in Northern Germany.

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Topic: Historical center of Wismar in Germany.Historical center of Wismar in Germany

Author: Kelly Costine