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Medina is the old part of Tunisia. It was founded in the 9th century and was rebuilt in the 13th century. The old part of the city is considered one of the most beautiful places in the country.
In ancient times, the medina was surrounded by a wall, from which only the stone gate of the 13th century has survived to this day. Instead of city walls, the old city is now surrounded by rings of streets that surround the old city with an oval loop.
Since 1974, systematic restoration work has been carried out on the territory of the old city, and in 1981 the medina of Tunisia was included in UNESCO World Heritage Site.
At first glance, the old city of Tunisia may seem like an impassable and confusing labyrinth of narrow alleys and streets. In order not to get lost, you need to follow one rule: avoid narrow alleys, which usually lead to a dead end. Walking along the winding alleys, you should pay attention to the houses with carved doors in green, brown and blue with handles that are made in the form of a woman's hand and wooden hammers attached at different heights (for women, men and children).
On Fridays and Sundays, most shops and the bazaar are closed, and on all other days in the morning the bazaar is full of people.
Almost all buildings: mosques, mausoleums, madrasahs are closed for visiting by people who do not profess Islam. Since 1972, non-Muslims can see the courtyard of mosques, but only in the morning, as their presence is unacceptable during prayer. Many of the historic buildings in the old part of the city are privately owned.
The most notable historical buildings of the medina are: