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The Cathedral of St. John Lateran is the cathedral and seat of the papal throne. This church in the Catholic hierarchy was built above all the temples in the world, as evidenced by the inscription above the entrance: `` Holy Lateran Church, mother and head of all churches of the city and the world. ''
In place Basilica in the era of antiquity, there was an estate of a noble family of Lateran. Emperor Constantine, adopting Christianity, donated the Lateran Palace, which he received as a dowry, to the Roman bishop. In 324, the basilica was consecrated by Sylvester the First in honor of Christ the Savior. After a while, John the Baptist became the heavenly patron of the church, and two centuries later - and ndash; John the Evangelist.
In front of the temple there is an obelisk made of red granite, created for Tumus III and transferred under Constantine II to Rome. The walls of the basilica are decorated with huge statues of the apostles. In our time, the relics of the popes are kept in the temple - Sergius the Fourth, Alexander the Third, Innocent the Third, Leo Thirteenth, Martin Fifth, Clement Thirteenth.
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Topic: Cathedral of St. John Lateran in Italy, Rome resort.