Sistine Chapel in Italy, Rome resort (Topic)

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Sistine Chapel in Italy, Rome resort

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The Sistine Chapel is a former home church in the Vatican. The construction of the chapel was started by order of Pope Sixtus the Fourth in 1473. The construction work was supervised by the architect Djordje de Dolci. The construction was completed only in 1481.

Today the chapel is a museum and an outstanding monument of the Renaissance. The painting of the chapel walls was carried out by order of Sixtus the Fourth in 1481-1483. Such great Italian masters as Pinturicchio, Sandro Botticelli and others took part in the wall painting.

In 1508-1512, Michelangelo himself painted the vault with formwork and lunettes, commissioned by Julius II. In 1536-1541, by order of Paul III Michelangelo was created fresco `` The Last Judgment '' on the altar wall.

The Sistine Chapel was erected on the site of the Grand Chapel, where the entire papal court gathered in the Middle Ages, which included about two hundred people, representatives of noble families and various religious orders.

After the Pope became close to Lorenzo Medici, a group of Florentine artists were invited to Rome, where they, together with Umbrian masters, decorated the walls of the Chapel with frescoes in 1481-1483. These masters were Perugino, Botticelli, Cosimo Rosselli and Ghirlandaio. The frescoes contained a large number of portrait figures. Initially there were 16 frescoes, but, unfortunately, only 12 have survived to this day.

The frescoes of the Sistine Chapel have been restored several times. The most recent restoration work was carried out in 1980-1994. This restoration has had a profound impact on historians and   art lovers, generating much criticism, controversy and controversial responses.


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