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The fortress walls of the Old City, which can be observed now, were erected in the period from 1538 to 1540 by the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman I the Magnificent. Stretching 4500 meters in length, they have long been a reliable defense of the city from both Europeans and Bedouin tribes. The thickness of these walls is almost 5 meters, and their height ranges from 5 to 15 meters.
The walls of the Old City, built in the 1st century AD, have not survived to this day. The walls, created during the reign of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent, began to be built on the northern side, from where attacks were most often made. The southern wall was built in 1540. Currently, the eastern wall has been completely renovated.
The walls of the Old City, fortified by towers, include two main gates: Damascus Gate and Jaffa Gate. All in all, the gate through which you can get to the Old Town – seven. Four of them retain their original shape. All the gates of the walls of the Old Town have Ottoman decoration.
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Topic: Walls of the Old City in Israel, Jerusalem Resort.