Basilica of St. Prokop in Trebic in the Czech Republic (Topic)

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Basilica of St. Prokop in Trebic in the Czech Republic

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The Basilica of St. Prokop is a Christian church built in the Romanesque-Gothic style. The basilica is located in Trebic. Since 2003, the church has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The history of this basilica is closely connected with the Benedictine monastery built here in Trebic. The construction of the monastery was carried out in the middle of the 12th century by the princes Litold Znojemsky and Oldrich of Brno, who were the sons of Konrad the First. After a while, a church was built here, which was consecrated by Bishop Jan II in 1109. After their death, both founders were buried in the crypt of the church.

In the 13th century, the monastery was rebuilt and insulated. In 1240-1260, a new basilica was erected in the monastery complex, which was originally dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin. In 1704 St. Procopius became the patron saint of the church.

In 1468, Trebic was besieged by the troops of the Hungarian king Mathians the First. The city and the monastery were plundered and destroyed. After these events Trebic lost the status of an Arab city, and the monastery complex fell into decay. In 1582 Trebic became the property of the Wallenstein family, on whose orders the monastery was rebuilt into a castle complex, and the basilica was used for secular purposes.

In 1704, the church was separated from the main part of the monastery complex. Further, According to the project of Frantisek, Gothic towers were added to the building during the reconstruction.

The last reconstruction of the basilica was carried out in 1924-1935 according to the project of Kamil Gilbert, during which the presbytery was also restored.

Today the basilica is one of the few buildings in whose architecture there is a transition from the Romanesque style to the Gothic.

The crypt of the basilica is the oldest and best preserved part of the building. The crypt was made in the Gothic style. At the end of the 16th century, the crypt served as a brewing cellar, and therefore one of the pillars was subsequently replaced by a simple cylindrical pillar, as it interfered with the movement of barrels. The crypt has a wooden ceiling support and completely fills the space under the main nave choir, partially entering the adjacent side naves. The ceiling of the crypt is on supports, the capitals of which are decorated with ornaments with motives of animals, plants, etc.  


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Topic: Basilica of St. Prokop in Trebic in the Czech Republic.Basilica of St. Prokop in Trebic in the Czech Republic

Author: Kelly Costine