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The Basilica of St. George or St. George is the oldest and preserved church located in Prague Castle, founded in 920 by Vratislav the First in honor of St. George.
In 937, restoration work was carried out in the church, although the church was expanded by an extension belonging to the Benedictine abbey, dedicated to the same saint. During a fire that occurred in 1142, the church was significantly damaged, but it was restored in record time, almost in its original form, only the facade of the building was changed, and several artistic details were added to the interior decoration of the building. At the same time, two opoka towers were erected in the Romanesque style. The wider tower was named by Adam, the narrower – Eve.
The facade of the building was made in the XVII century in the Baroque style. Francesco Caratti. The sculptor Jan Bendl was involved in the production of sculptures that adorn the facade. In 1718-1722 the Czech architect Frantisko Maximillian Kanka completed the chapel of St. John of Nepomuk. The sculpture, made in the form of a saint and angels, was made by Ferdinand Maximilian Brokoff.
Today, the church houses the graves of Vratislav I and his grandson Boreslav II the Pious. A small Gothic chapel attached to the basilica was dedicated to St. Ludmila of Bohemia. Today the relics of the saint are kept in this chapel.
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