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Ramon Crater is an erosion crater located in the Negev Desert. The crater is 9 kilometers wide, – 40 kilometers.
The origin of the crater is quite specific. In the surface solid layer of rock, as a result of the uplift of the soil, cracks were formed, into which water penetrated over time. As a result, an erosion process began in the inner softer rocks, which led to the formation of a crater. Over the centuries, the crater has increased in size due to seasonal rains.
In the last century, the crater was a place for mining such as gypsum, clay and sand. Until 1994, minerals were mined without any state control, which created environmental problems due to waste and destruction of the natural landscape.
In 1998, the entire area of the crater was declared a geological reserve. Later, a plan was developed for the conservation and restoration of the natural landscape.
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Topic: Makhtesh Ramon Crater in Israel, Negev Desert Resort.