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St. Peter's Square is a grandiose square, created in the form of two symmetrical semicircles. The square is located in front of St. Peter's Cathedral.
The square was created in 1656-1667 by Bernini. As before, today a large number of believers gather here, wishing to hear the speech of the pontiff. In the 1930s, a street of Reconciliation was laid from the center to the square.
The square is framed by the semicircular colonnades of the Tuscan order, designed by Bernini. In the central part there is an Egyptian obelisk, which was brought to Rome by Emperor Caligula. Today it is the only obelisk in Rome that stood in its original form until the Renaissance.
During the Middle Ages, the Romans believed that the remains of Julius Caesar were kept in a metal ball located at the top of the obelisk. Beams made of travertine radiate along the paving stones from the obelisk, which were arranged in such a way that the monument played the role of a gnomon.
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Topic: St. Peter's Square in Italy, Rome resort.