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The Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin, located on the right bank of the Tiber River, is a temple of the Virgin Mary.
The cathedral was built on the site of one of the temples Forum of the bull in the 6th century. In the 8th century, Greek nuns, who were on the run from iconoclastic persecution, conducted services there. Hence the temple received its second name – de Schola Graeca. Latin word `` Cosmedin '' is a distortion of the Greek epithet “beautiful.”
Pope Nicholas I built a palace on this site, where the elections of Celestine III, Gelasius II and Benedict Thirteenth were held. In 1118-1124, a large-scale reconstruction was carried out in the church, then construction work in the building was carried out only in 1718 and in 1894-1899.
Against the background of the rest, the church stands out for its medieval decoration and unique precious utensils. The most notable mosaic dating back to the 8th century from St. Peter's Basilica.
Another attraction of the church remains attractive for tourists – The Mouth of Truth, which is an antique round marble slab depicting the mask of Triton. The mask was created around the 4th century BC. The diameter of the mask is 1.7 meters. According to historians, in ancient times the mask was intended as a hatchway of the Big Cloaca, or was part of a fountain. During the Middle Ages, the stove was considered a kind of lie detector – a deceitful person who put his hand in the open mouth of the deity risked losing it, because they believed that the mouth could close. Widespread popularity of the 'mouth of truth' received after the release of the movie Roman Holiday.
The church campaign served as a model for the creation of the bell tower in the Friedenskirche church located in Potsdam in Sanssouci Park.
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Topic: Church of Santa Maria in Cosmedin in Italy, Rome resort.