Trafalgar Square description and photos - Great Britain: London (Topic)

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Trafalgar Square description and photos - Great Britain: London

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Trafalgar Square description and photos - UK: London

Trafalgar Square description and photos - UK: London. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The name in English is Trafalgar Square.

Photo and description

Trafalgar Square is the main square in London and the country, embodying its former greatness. Here Churchill announced the victory in World War II to Londoners on May 8, 1945, the country's main Christmas tree is erected here on Christmas Day, people hold meetings and celebrate here.

The square is the property of the British crown. Until the beginning of the 19th century, the royal stables were located here, in the very center of the capital. In 1820, George IV commissioned the architect John Nash to redevelop the quarter. However, Nash died before he could complete the project; the architect Charles Barry was involved in the implementation of his plans. He managed to organically combine the space of the square with the building of the National Gallery, which was being built to the north by the project of William Wilkins, which was criticized for "lack of grandeur". The result was majestic a truly imperial architectural complex worthy of a world power.

The visual center of the square is Nelson's Column, erected here in 1843 to commemorate the victory of the British fleet over the Franco-Spanish at Trafalgar. The column was not included in the original design of the square; it was erected with public donations designed by William Railton. At the top of the 46-meter granite column is an almost six-meter sculpture of Admiral Horatio Nelson, who commanded the British fleet during the battle and died on its first day from a bullet from a French sniper. The bronze ornament on the column is cast from the metal of English cannons, the panels on the pedestal are from the metal of captured French guns. The base of the column is surrounded by four giant, roaring stone lions, sculpted in 1867 by Edwin Landseer.

Between the column and the National Gallery on the square, there are two huge fountains, installed here in 1840. In 1939, bronze newts, mermaids and dolphins appeared in them, the fountains were named after the admirals of the First World War, Beatty and Jellicoe.

In 1841, pedestals for monuments to statesmen were erected at the four corners of the square. On one of them now stands a monument to King George IV, on the other - to Major General Henry Havelock (suppressed the sepoy rebellion in India), on the third - to General Charles James Napier, commander of the British army in India.

The fourth pedestal. has been empty for a very long time. From time to time, works of contemporary art are placed on it. Now the British society is discussing the idea of erecting a monument to Margaret Thatcher here. The discussion is very lively, the baroness also has fierce opponents. It was on Trafalgar Square that hundreds of her haters came out with champagne after the death of the "iron lady", chanting "The witch is dead!" The British newspaper "Telegraph" ironically suggested discussing on this occasion whether Admiral Nelson himself was worthy of the honor of standing on the square - he was also a "controversial" figure, had an affair with Lady Hamilton.

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Topic: Trafalgar Square description and photos - Great Britain: London.Trafalgar Square description and photos - Great Britain: London

Author: Kelly Costine