Egyptian Museum description and photos - Egypt: Cairo. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photographs and a map showing the nearest significant objects. The title in English is Egyptian Museum.
Photo and description
The Egyptian Museum in Cairo is one of the main repositories of the historical heritage of Egypt and is very popular among tourists due to its scale and impressive number of exhibits, which exceeds one hundred and twenty thousand units. The museum building was built in 1900, and the collection of the museum began to collect in the 30s of the 19th century. A special government organization was created, which took over the functions of collecting and preserving unique exhibits. The museum consists of one hundred separate rooms, which contain finds from the era of the pharaohs, found during excavations throughout the country. The chronological order is traced in the exhibitions.
The ground floor is filled with statues, various vessels, gravestones and other monuments of ancient history. The second floor is dedicated to all the finds sculptures and jewels that relate to the tomb of Tutankhamun and other tombs. There is a hall with a special microclimate here, where mummies discovered by archaeologists at different times are kept.
The museum is unique in the presence of the world-famous gilded throne of Tutankhamun, on which there are precious stones and images of the pharaoh and his wife. Here are the oldest sculptural units that have been around for three millennia. Three sarcophagi made of pure gold, weighing about one hundred kilograms each, are incredible in value. Thanks to other exhibits, such as the bird from Sakkara, one can imagine what deep knowledge about life the ancient Egyptians possessed.
Two people are considered the founders and ideological inspirers of the museum. The first of them is the ruler of Egypt, Mohammed Ali, who by his decree forbade the export of antiquities outside the country. The second is the Frenchman Auguste Mariette, who became the first director of the Cairo Museum and the Egyptian Antiquities Service. Initially, the museum occupied four rooms in the house where Mariette settled, on the banks of the Nile. It was only in 1902 that a decision was made to build a building for a museum in the center of Cairo.
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Topic: Egyptian Museum description and photos - Egypt: Cairo.