Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna (Topic)

Traval Articles » Travel » Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna

Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna

Rating: 8,8/10 (485 votes)
Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna

Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.

Photo and description

Varna Planetarium is located in the central part of the city park.

In 1960, in the era of the beginning of space flights, the Astronomy and Astronautics Club was established in Varna ... Two years later, following the results of the XIII Congress of the International Federation of Aviation and Cosmonautics held in the city, an initiative was put forward to build the first astronomical observatory in Varna. In 1963, the club was given the old summer theater, located in the center of the Seaside Park. Courses in astronomy and rocket modeling are held here. A year later, the city administration decides to demolish the theater building in order to build an observatory on this site. The author of the project was the architect Kamen Goranov. However, during construction, plans change, and in 1966. a planetarium is attached to the main building. The astronomical complex, which opened in May 1968, named after the great scientist Nicolaus Copernicus, became the first in Bulgaria. It houses the observatory, planetarium and Foucault's pendulum. The staff of the complex is engaged in the observation of artificial earth satellites. The center also hosts courses in astronomy, which can be attended by everyone.

The planetarium in Varna is the first in the whole country. At the entrance there is a monument to N. Copernicus by two Bulgarian sculptors - P. Atanasov and L. Dalchev. The diameter of the planetarium dome reaches 10.5 meters. Inside the equipment is installed, brought from Germany. With the help of various projectors on the dome, about 5500 stars, planets and their movement to their orbits, the entire solar system, etc. are displayed. The planetarium is popular - since its opening, at least 800,000 people have visited it.

In the tower at the planetarium, you can see the Foucault pendulum - the only such structure on the Balkan Peninsula. In a small hall located under the tower, visitors can watch the swing of the pendulum. The disk-shaped load is suspended from a long (17.6 meters) rope; the amplitude of the oscillation in the lower part is almost 2 meters. Foucault's pendulum is an invention that allows you to clearly demonstrate that the Earth revolves on its own axis.

Due to the reconstruction of the building, the complex was closed from 1998 to 2002. Thanks to the project of the architect G. Savakov, as well as the work of many specialists, the look of the renovated observatory acquired a modern sound.

Image Image Image Image Image

We also recommend reading Landscape reserve ”Cheremenetsky” description and photo - Russia - Leningrad region: Luga district

Topic: Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna.Varna Planetarium description and photos - Bulgaria: Varna

Author: Kelly Costine