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Sardis is one of the greatest cities of antiquity, best known as the capital of Lydia. The city is located at the foot of Mount Timol, on the gold-bearing river Pactol.
In the 7th century BC, the city was the capital of the powerful Lydian kingdom. It was here that the first silver and gold coins in history were minted.
From 560 to 546 BC, King Croesus ruled in Sardis, who became famous throughout the ancient world for his wealth. However, the city was soon conquered by the Persians.
In the Achaemenid era, a `` royal road '' was built here, leading east to Susa.
After the loss of its capital status, Sardis remained the main city of the Seleucid and Persian satrapy, and later – and the province of Lydia.
In 133 BC, the city passed to the Romans according to the will of King Attalus. After an earthquake in the 17th year, the city was completely destroyed, but centuries later it was rebuilt.
Under Tiberius, many immigrants from Judea lived in the city, who enjoyed various privileges. In Apostolic times, a Christian community was founded here. Later, the city was the seat of Christian bishops.
The city was finally destroyed during the invasion of Tamerlane in 1402.
From the great capital of Lydia, little has survived to this day. The first archaeological excavations were carried out here from 1910 to 1914, they were renewed again only in 1958. During the excavations, evidence was found
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Topic: Ruins of the city of Sardis in Turkey, Aegean coast resort.