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The ancient city of Perge is located 18 kilometers from Antalya, not far from the small village of Aksu.
According to legend, the city was founded after the Trojan War. The soothsayer Kalkhas became the founder of the city. To avoid raids from the sea, the city was founded 11 kilometers from the coast.
In the 7th century BC. Perge went to the Lydians. And in the 6th century BC. Persians began to possess the city.
In 333 BC Perge was captured by Alexander the Great. After a while, Perge came under the rule of the Selecvids, and from the 2nd century BC. – passed to the Romans.
During the reign of the Romans, Perge reached its zenith. The Apostles Barnabas and Paul visited the city with sermons in the 1st century.
During the Byzantine Empire, swamps began to form around the city, forced local residents to leave the city.
In the 7th century, the city was often raided by the Arabs. And by the arrival of the Seljuks, the rich and luxurious city had already turned into a small village, which also disappeared after centuries.
Today, only the remains of once residential buildings and other structures can be observed in the city. When entering the city, the first thing that meets tourists is – it is an amphitheater, built in the 2nd century, for 12 thousand people. The stage, reaching a height of 25 meters, is decorated with various reliefs and friezes. Part of the decoration of the amphitheater was transported and exhibited in the Archaeological Museum of Antalya.
Directly opposite the amphitheater there is a stadium for 12 thousand spectators.
The remains of the fortress wall, which in Hellenistic times reached in height 12 meters. & The Roman Gate, through which visitors enter Perge today, was built in the 3rd century. Immediately behind them, you can see the Hellenistic gates dating from the 3rd century BC. Towers rise on both sides of the gate. Behind the gate is a small courtyard with niches in the walls. According to archaeological data, statues of the founders of the city, emperors and gods previously stood here.
To the left of the gate was the Roman bath, which was considered the largest in Pamphylia. The bathhouse was decorated with marble and decorated with reliefs and sculptures.
In the square to the right of the Hellenistic gate, there was an agora, which in Roman times was the cultural, social and political center of the city.
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Topic: Ruins of the city of Perge in Turkey, Antalya coast resort.