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Library of Celsius is the second largest, after Alexandria, library of the Ancient World, built by Tiberius Julius Aquila for his father – Tiberius Julius Celsius. The construction of the building began in 114 and was completed by the heirs of L'Aquila in 135. A large sum of money was also bequeathed to Aquila for the maintenance of the library and the purchase of books.
During the invasion of the Goths in the 3rd century, the interior of the building was completely destroyed by fire, but the facade of the building remained almost intact.
Nowadays, this facade resembles a theatrical scenery. The lower tier is decorated with columns installed on the podium of the central staircase, which consists of nine steps, grouped in pairs in four rows. The columns of the upper tier, in contrast to the lower, are small in size. Behind the scenic colonnade on the ground floor, there are three portals, framed by the finest ornament imitating a relief frieze. There are also huge window openings above the portals.
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Topic: Library of Celsus in Turkey, Ephesus resort.