Rating: 8,1/10 (794 votes)Hatfield House is a manor house that is located in the city of the same name in England and has served for four centuries as the family estate of the Earls and Marquises of Salisbury, belonging to the Cecil family. The manor is notable for being a unique example of an aristocratic residence in the Jacobian style, which has survived in good condition to this day. Before the present Hatfield Palace, on the same site there was another building that belonged to the church, which was founded in the late 15th century by Cardinal John Morton. During the Reformation and persecution of churches, Henry VIII took away the palace and gave it to his children - Edward VI and Elizabeth I, future kings. To this day, the palace keeps separate items of Elizabeth: gloves, a pair of silk stockings, a branched lineage and a portrait of the queen painted by miniaturist Hilliard. The monumental Great Staircase with carved sculptures leads to the upper floors. The palace, which has survived to this day, was built much later, only in 1611. The initiator of its creation was Robert Cecil, 1st Earl of Salisbury, and also the first minister of King James Stewart. The authorship of the building project is attributed to Tradescant Sr. The Salisbury Marquises are still the owners of the estate today. The garden around Hatfield House is said to be one of the oldest in the country. In its vast territory, you can find an English park, a huge number of hedges, winding paths, ponds, fountains and unexplored thickets. It will be interesting for both children and adults to walk here. If you wish, you can even find an oak tree, under which the young Princess Elizabeth learned that she was going to become queen. The First World War left a memory of itself in this estate. The very first models of battle tanks were tested here. From that almost a century ago, a unique instance of the Mark I tank has been preserved here, today the oldest in the world. And there is also a collection of toy soldiers (about 3000 copies), which are on alert. The picturesque gardens and the Hatfield House building itself have always attracted the attention of filmmakers. For example, the films"Batman","Charlie and the Chocolate Factory","Lara Croft - Tomb Raider","V for Vendetta" and others took place here.
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Topic: Hatfield House UK.