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The Catholic Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Luskirchen is the smallest Romanesque temple in the city. The uniqueness of the temple lies in the fact that it contains original frescoes dating from the 13th century, which were completely restored at the end of the 19th century.
The church was first mentioned in documents from 948. The second mention of the church dates back to 1067, at that time the church was transferred to the jurisdiction of the monastery of St. George.
The building of the current church was built in 1190-1220, in the Romanesque style. In 1250, the vaults of the temple were painted. In the course of construction work carried out at the beginning of the 16th century, the temple acquired a Gothic appearance; in the same period, Romanesque windows were replaced by openwork Gothic ones. The church baroque altar was created in 1663-1665.
Due to the severe flood that occurred in 1784, the church was partially destroyed. During the restoration work, a new church altar was erected. At the beginning of the 19th century, the crypt of the temple was filled up, and as a result, the church acquired a higher floor.
In the 1860s, large-scale renovations were carried out in the building – new paintings appeared on the windows, the main altar, designed by Finkinz Staz, was installed, and the altars located in the choir chapels were replaced. The baroque elements of the temple were removed in 1868-1876, which allowed it to regain its original Romanesque appearance.
The original vault frescoes dating from the 13th century, were discovered only in 1879. The restoration of the frescoes was carried out for 3 years. In 1918, work was carried out to free the crypt of the church.
During the Second World War, the temple was damaged during the bombing, but not as badly as most other buildings in the city. The restoration work began in 1947 and lasted 15 years.
however, not as serious as most other buildings in the city. The restoration work began in 1947 and lasted for 15 years.
however, not as serious as most other buildings in the city. The restoration work began in 1947 and lasted 15 years.
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Topic: Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Luskirchen, Germany, resort of Cologne.