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The Catholic Church of St. Severin is located in the south of Old Cologne, on Severinstra?e. The Church of St. Severin is the second tallest of all Romanesque basilicas in Cologne - the west tower is 72.9 meters high.
During the Middle Ages, Severinstra?e was the main road that connected Cologne with Bonn. Roman burials were located on both sides of the road. The tombstones discovered here can be seen today in the Cologne Roman-Germanic Museum. In the IV century, a small memorial hall with an apse was erected in the necropolis.
In the VI-VIII centuries, the chapel was often rebuilt and expanded. Around 900, the construction of a Romanesque basilica began in its place. In 1043, the relics of St. Severin, the third bishop of Cologne, were transferred to the church. By that time, only the crypt and the western part of the temple were built. The eastern part was completed only in the XIII century, and the southern part in the XIV century.
During construction work in 1393, the western Romanesque tower acquired a late Gothic appearance. In the XIV-XVI centuries, the main church nave acquired the features of the late Gothic.
During the Second World War, the temple was almost completely destroyed. Restoration work began immediately after the end of the war. Currently, the church contains preserved frescoes dating from the 16th century, a crypt from the 10th century.
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Topic: Church of St. Severin in Germany, resort of Cologne.