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Treptow Park & ndash; a famous city park located in the east of Berlin.
The park, which covers an area of about 88 hectares, was founded in 1876 - 1888. designed by Johann Heinrich Gustav Mayer, director of city gardens. Treptow Park has become unique in that it is the first national park open to all citizens. In the center of the park was an open meadow in the shape of a racetrack for sports and games. On the territory of the park there are sculptures, in particular, a monument in honor of Gustav Mayer and his merits – bust by Albert August Manthe. In 1958, a sunflower garden was laid out, and later – rose garden.
Treptow Park has a marina for pleasure boats.
In a large meadow in the central part of the park, there is a monument to the Soldier-Liberator, erected in 1946-1949. More than five thousand Soviet soldiers who died during the Second World War are buried here. The monument is not abstract, it is dedicated, first of all, to Sergeant Nikolai Masalov, who saved a German girl from death.
Monument to the Soldier-Liberator – a monument erected in the center of Treptow Park. A whole team of authors worked on the monument: sculptor E. V. Vuchetich, artist A. V. Gorpenko, architect Y.B.Belopolsky, engineer S. S. Valerius. The 12 meter high monument was opened on May 8, 1949.
In the center of the sculptural composition – a bronze figure of a soldier of the Soviet army, towering on the rubble of a swastika. In one hand a soldier – lowered sword, the other he supports the little German girl saved by him. The hero has a prototype – a soldier of the Soviet army, a native of the Kemerovo region, Nikolai Masalov. He really saved a German girl during the April assault on Berlin (1945).
Initially, the author of the Vutetich monument depicted a soldier with a machine gun in his hand, but JV Stalin suggested replacing the machine gun with a sword.
The monument rises on a mound, inside which there is a memorial hall. Its walls are decorated with mosaics made by the artist A.V. Gorpenko. Mosaic paintings show scenes, when representatives of different peoples, including Central Asia and the Caucasus, lay wreaths on the graves of Soviet soldiers. Above the images in German and Russian it says: `` Today everyone recognizes that the Soviet people, by their selfless struggle, saved the civilization of Europe from the fascist pogromists. This is the great merit of the Soviet people to the history of mankind. '' In the center of the memorial hall there is a cube-shaped pedestal made of black stone. On it stands a golden box with a book on the pages of which the names of the fallen heroes who died in the battles for Berlin and were buried in mass graves are indicated. A crystal chandelier decorated with rubies (2.5 m in diameter) descends from the dome of the hall, reproducing the Victory Order in shape.
The sculpture was sent for restoration in the fall of 2003 and already in May 2004, before the anniversary of the Victory, was returned to Treptow Park.
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Topic: Treptow Park + Monument to the Soldier-Liberator in Austria, Berlin resort.