Rating: 8,6/10 (1603 votes)York City Walls is a fortification in the heart of York, UK. This fortress complex was built by the Romans, and for more than one century defended the city from attacks, therefore, these structures are also known as"Roman walls". The walls were well preserved up to our walls, which is explained by the fact that they really performed a defensive function and were kept in good condition. The first mention of a settlement on the site of modern York dates back to the 1st century, when the Roman fort of Eboracum was founded here. The fort grew rapidly and soon became a city. At the beginning of the 3rd century, a Roman emperor lived in the city, on whose orders the construction of eight polygonal defensive towers began. All these buildings have survived, but only one in an almost pristine appearance. The masonry of the Roman period is located at the very bottom, sometimes underground, the later masonry - medieval - above the ground. Today, three fragments of the walls of Roman citadels have survived in York: the northern section, the section in the city center and by the river, and the eastern corner, which includes the surviving Polygonal Tower. In the middle of the 9th century, the Danes attacked York. The fortifications of the Romans could not hold back the enemy: then all the defensive towers, except for the Polygonal one, were destroyed. However, a new wall was built by the Danes, which allowed them to settle in the city.
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Topic: York City Walls UK, York Resort.