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Ruins of the Kharax fortress description and photos - Crimea: Gaspra. Detailed information about the attraction. Description, photos and a map showing the nearest significant objects.
Photo and description
The ruins of the Kharax fortress are located in the small resort village of Gaspra on Cape Ai-Todor, on the territory of the Dnepr sanatorium. Charax is a Roman military camp, the largest known Roman fortress in the Crimea.
The fortress was one of the fortified points of the Roman troops that appeared in the Crimea in 63-66. The fortress controlled the navigation along the Crimean coast, where the route from Chersonesos and the Bosporus to Trebizond and Sinop passed. In 244, after the invasion of the Goths, the Roman troops were withdrawn from Charax, and the fortress itself was destroyed.
The surviving stamps on the tiles and bricks of the fortress testify to the periods of the military occupation of Kharax. At the end of the 1st century, the garrison of the sailors of the Ravenna squadron was located here, and in the 2nd century, the soldiers of the first Italian Legion were located. The last Roman garrison of the fort included the soldiers of the second Claudian legion (at the turn of the 2nd - 3rd centuries).
During excavations near the inner wall of the fortress, archaeologists discovered the ruins of two barracks. A lighthouse was erected at the highest point of the hill. In its place in 1865 a new lighthouse was erected, which is still functioning. Only at the same time, the builders demolished the remains of the praetorium, in which the altar of Jupiter was located. Currently, archaeologists in the camp have excavated the foundations of brick and stone houses, as well as a nymph - a cemented reservoir decorated with mosaics in the shape of an octopus, and a water supply made of clay pipes.
The ruins of the Charax fortress are open to tourists.
Topic: Ruins of the Kharax fortress description and photos - Crimea: Gaspra.