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Nymphenburg Palace – palace in Munich, which is located in the west of the city. Built by the architect Agnostino Barelli by order of the Elector Ferdinand Maria in 1664. The construction was completed in 1675. Later, the castle was constantly expanded and completed. It was originally given a baroque look. The palace is connected to the neighboring Blutenburg castle by a `` line of sight '' – an alley that has been heavily overgrown with trees in the last century. Its restoration is planned. The former summer residence of the Wittelsbachs, Nymphenburg, is located in one of the most beautiful parklands in Munich and is one of the largest royal castles in Europe. Five generations of the Wittelsbach family took part in the construction of the castle. In 1700, the heir to Elector Ferdinand Maria Max Emmanuel ordered the architects Antonio Viscardi and Enrico Zucali to add galleries and pavilions to the palace complex. A few years later, the Marshthal, the southern part of the castle, was built. At the same time, a greenhouse was founded to the north of the castle. In the 18th century, the park area was significantly expanded. In 1715, she acquired elements of the French style.
The interior of the building houses such interesting objects as the Great Hall in the Rococo style, decorated with frescoes by Zimmermann; Gallery of beauties, which houses portraits of 36 of the most beautiful women in Europe by Stieler; Lacquered cabinet with red and black Chinese lacquered panels. It also houses the Porcelain Museum, whose exhibits were made at a local manufactory, which is the oldest porcelain factory in Europe. The Carriage Museum displays an extensive collection of carriages, horse harness and sleighs, in particular several carriages of King Ludwig II. On the territory of the palace there is the Amalienburg hunting pavilion, famous for the perfection of forms and decor. The pavilion was built by the architect Francois Cuvillier in the Rococo style and is notable for the elegance and subtlety of work, which is especially noticeable in the Mirror Gallery. The palace complex includes several more pavilions, among them the 18th century Baths and the pagoda pavilion decorated with oriental ornaments and masks of deities. The botanical garden in the north of Nymphenburg is rich in various types of trees and other plants, including rare ones such as cacti and carnivorous plants.
+ Gallery of beauties – a small gallery located in the former dining room of the south wing of the main palace of the Nymphenburg complex. This portrait gallery – one of the most characteristic of the era of romanticism.
A series of portraits exhibited here was created by order of King Ludwig I by Joseph Stieler for the Munich Residence. The paintings were painted in the years 1827-1850 and are focused on the ideal of beauty of Ludwig I, and not on the social status of girls. Therefore, princesses, ordinary townspeople peacefully coexist here. For example, the Gallery of Beauties contains a portrait of Helena Zedlmayr, the daughter of a shoemaker. girls and young women.
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Topic: Nymphenburg Palace + Gallery of beauties in Germany, Munich resort.