Rating: 7,8/10 (3942 votes)
Basilica of Santa Croce – a church located in the heart of Florence and is one of the most visited attractions in the city. The Basilica of Santa Croce is the world's largest Franciscan church, famous for the frescoes by Giotto and the tombs of the great men of Italy.
Legend has it that the church was founded by St. Francis of Assisi. After his death in 1226, he was already canonized. Construction of the church began in May 1294 on the site previously occupied by this building. The construction was financed by wealthy families in Florence. Pope Eugene the Fourth consecrated the temple in 1442. The church windows are adorned with stained-glass windows that broaden its interior.
The church is made in the form of a T-shaped Egyptian cross and to this day is the largest Franciscan church in Italy. The temple has been rebuilt many times. In the 16th century, many ancient parts of the church were destroyed.
Andrea Orcanyi's frescoes were hidden under the altars by Vasari. The temple is made in the Gothic style and looks less massive than the Basilica of Santa Maria del Fiore. The church is crowned with many sculptures and frescoes by Giotto and other famous painters and sculptors: Antonio Canova, Donatello, Taddeo Gaddi, Bernardo Rossellino, Antonio and others. The department, created in 1472 by Benedetto de Maiano, also stands out. The pulpit is decorated with bas-reliefs dedicated to St. Francis.
Many famous Florentines are buried in the temple. The main structure of the tombs in the church is a marble bed with the figure of the deceased on top of the sarcophagus. Buried here: Vittorio Alfieri, Dante Alighieri, Galileo Galilei, Leon Battista Alberti, Niccolo Machiavelli, Enrico Fermi, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Gioacchino Rossini, Guglielmo Marconi, Lorenzo Bartolini, Mikhail Oginskyu, etc.
We also recommend reading Monastery of San Marco in Italy, resort of Florence
Topic: Church of Santa Croce in Italy, resort of Florence.