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The University of Vienna is one of the oldest universities in Europe. It was founded by Emperor Rudolph IV and his brothers Leopold III and Albrecht III in 1365.
It took about 20 years for the university to start its full-fledged work. So Albrecht III lured the faculty from the Sorbonne to Vienna, and also enlisted the support of the Catholic Church to open a theological faculty at the university.
Until the end of the Middle Ages, a higher educational institution was constantly developing and by 1450 about 6 thousand students studied here. After the siege of Vienna by the Turks, the university practically fell into decay. In some years of the 16th century, only 30 students studied here. The university acquired a new round of development with the reforms under Joseph II and Maria Theresa in 1749.
Women were first admitted to the learning process in 1897, but initially only at the Faculty of Philosophy. Then in 1900 the Faculty of Medicine opened its doors for women, in 1919 - the Faculty of Law, in 1923 - the Protestant Theological Faculty, in 1946 - the Catholic Theological Faculty.
Building, where the University of Vienna is located today was built in the years 1877-1884. The building was designed by Heinrich von Ferstel.
Today, the main building of the university houses most of the dean's offices, the administration, the main library and some faculties. The rest of the departments and faculties are dispersed in 60 locations in Vienna.
Currently, more than 70 thousand students study at the university, of which about 20% are foreigners. The university has more than 8 thousand employees, 6 thousand of them are researchers and scientists. The University of Vienna offers 200 specialties.
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Topic: University of Vienna in Austria, Vienna spa.