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The Museum Quarter in Vienna is one of the largest museum complexes in the world. It covers an area of about 60,000 square meters and is located near the city center.
The Museum Quarter consists of:
· Museum of Modern Art
· Museum Leopold
· Architectural Center of Vienna
· Tobacco Museum
· Children's Museum ZOOM
The main building of the museum quarter was originally built as court stables for the emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. Charles VI in 1713 commissioned I.B . Fischer von Erlach to build the imperial stables at the outer fortress gates of the city. In 1725 the construction of the building was completed by the son of the architect JE Fischer von Erlach.
After the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed , the court stables were closed, and the bulk of the property was sold.
In 1921, for the first time, an exhibition was held on the territory of the former stables, and a little later the building was rebuilt and renamed the Exhibition Pavilion. The pavilion building was completed until the 1960s. In 1985, the Vienna Festival was held in this building for the first time.
In the mid-80s of the XX century, the first projects of the Museum Complex were created, the center of which was to become a Museum of Contemporary Art. A competition was announced for the best project of the museum quarter, in which the project of architects Manfred and Laurids Ortnerov won. This project caused a lot of public outrage due to the height of the new buildings. In 1993, an action against the implementation of the project into reality took place, in which more than 140 famous architects and art historians took part.
In 1994, Helmut Zilck (mayor of Vienna) decided to abandon the project with tall buildings. The new project envisaged not so tall buildings, the facades of which should be made of natural stone.
The Museum Quarter was built from 1998 to 2001. Today it hosts dance, literary festivals, concerts as part of the Vienna Jazz Festival and much more. Also on the territory of the museum complex there are many modern restaurants and cafes, fashionable shops.
whose facades should be made of natural stone.
The Museum Quarter was built from 1998 to 2001. Today it hosts dance, literary festivals, concerts within the framework of the Vienna Jazz Festival and much more. Also on the territory of the museum complex there are many modern restaurants and cafes, fashionable shops.
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Topic: Museum Quarter in Austria, Vienna spa.