Mycenae in Greece, Peloponnese resort (Topic)

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Mycenae in Greece, Peloponnese resort

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The ruins of this ancient city are located near the modern village of Mikine, 6 kilometers east of the Argos-Corinth road. These ruins – one of the most amazing monuments not only in the Peloponnese, but throughout Greece.  

In 1874, the famous German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann began excavations in Mycenae. From 1550 to 1200 BC, Mycenae occupied a dominant position not only in Greece, but also on some Mediterranean islands. It was Mycenae that gave the name to the people and even to the whole ancient era.

According to the legends, which Homer voiced in the Odyssey; and the Iliad, Mycenae was founded by Perseus, the murderer of Medusa the Gorgon. After a line of fratricidal wars typical for Greek mythology, Agamemnon came to power in the city, son of the leader of the Achaeans in the war with Troy. His power was short-lived, but the city became the real center of Greece. Mycenae withered only by the classical period. At this time, they fell under the rule of Argos, and already under Alexander the Great they became just ruins.

Now UNESCO has included the ruins of Mycenae on the World Heritage List. Excavations in the city have been going on for a hundred years, but every year archaeologists discover something new.

The huge stone gate that guards the entrance to Mycenae is called the Lion Gate. They were built of stone blocks and were so amazing that the Greeks believed they were built by the Cyclops.

A vast palace was found near the top of the Acropolis. It was built in the 13th century BC. Now from this once complex complex of buildings only ruins remain, however, they are not difficult to see the entire layout. In the northern premises you can even see a red bathtub, in which, according to legend, Agamemnon was killed.

Only the urban elite could live within the citadel. That is why the main part of the city lies closer to the road, outside the walls. Here are found shops and warehouses, as well as clay tablets confirming the literacy of the common population of Mycenae.

Next to the shops is the `` grave of circle B ''. It dates back to around 1650 BC. Here lie such people as Clytemenestra – the wife of the commander of the Trojan expedition, and Egisthus – the killer of Agamemnon's father.

Another, much more impressive tholos was found 400 meters closer to the road. a round stone structure used as a sanctuary or tomb. This tholos is known as the 'Tomb of Agamemnon' or the Treasury of Atreus. The entrance to this structure was built absolutely without any binder solution. The entrance leads to a corridor 15 meters long, which gradually turns into a hall, covered with two stone slabs. The length of one of them – 9 meters, and the weight – 118 tons.

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Topic: Mycenae in Greece, Peloponnese resort.Mycenae in Greece, Peloponnese resort

Author: Kelly Costine