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The Rotunda of St. Martin is one of the oldest monuments in Vysehrad.
The rotunda was built during the reign of Vratislav II in 1070. In the 15th century, the rotunda was located in the center of the Vysehrad fortress and served as a local parish church.
Throughout its long history, the structure has undergone a number of different dramatic events. Once the rotunda was struck by lightning, after which it was partially destroyed, later there was also a fire here. After all these events, the rotunda, after a while, was restored. After the appearance of the Vysehrad fortress, the rotunda was used as a warehouse for storing gunpowder.
Later, a new motorway was planned here, as a result of which the rotunda was under threat of demolition, however, the plans did not come to fruition.
Today, the rotunda of St. Martin is a circular structure with an apse made in parabolic form. The main room of the rotunda is covered with a dome, and at the very top there is a lantern, which is also a bell tower.
In 1878, during the restoration work, several decorative details were added to the structure.
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Topic: Rotunda of St. Martin in the Czech Republic, Prague spa.