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Tatami in the house
Tatami is a special floor covering that is used in Japanese houses with a traditional style. IN nowadays, traditional tatami is rarely used in Japanese homes, preferring to live in European-style houses.
Tatami from Japanese translates as"folding", that is,"that which folds." They are the basis of the Japanese interior and are special mattresses. Japanese tatami mats are made on mechanical machines from igus cane and stuffed with rice straw. For wealthy Japanese in making tatami use hemp. The long edges of the tatami are covered with fabric. Modern life made her own adjustments to the manufacture of tatami, not the most useful. On many factories began to fill them with synthetic wool. They became cheaper, but at the same time lost their ecological purity.
tatami in Japan in 1185-1333, when the shogun Kamakura ruled. Material made of of which the tatami was made, their thickness and number spoke of social host status. Modern tatami is made of rectangular shape dimensions 90x180 cm and a thickness of 5 cm.The area of rooms in Japan is measured tatami. This is taken into account when building houses. For example, in stores, the area the rooms were traditionally 5.5 tatami, and in teahouses - 4.5 tatami. Child tatami has dimensions 90x90 cm. Tatami in Tokyo and in the eastern part of Japan, a little less - 85 ? 180 cm. Regardless of sizes, the thickness of all tatami is 5 cm.
Synthetic wool tatami
In modern Japanese houses, even built according to the European type, still have at least one room covered with tatami. To keep the tatami tatami clean, the Japanese have it is customary to always remove your shoes before entering the house.
Superstitious Japanese there is a whole set of rules that determine how many tatami you need for the room and how to place them on the floor. The Japanese firmly believe that if the tatami incorrectly positioned, it will bring misfortune. They cannot be placed in the form of a regular lattice. There should be no places where corners converge three or four tatami. This is practical because, when positioned correctly tatami do not change their original position, even if you run on them and jump.
Tatami is used in the quality of sports mats in judo, aikido and other types of martial arts, for sports activities they are more rigid than indoor tatami. Tatami is also used for improving the art of using the Japanese sword. To do this, they are folded into the form of cylinders and placed in water for several days, and then tested on them the sharpness of swords or tests the skills of swordsmen.
Tatami in the dojo
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Topic: Tatami in Japan.