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Austria - a small state, even by the standards of the rest of Europe. However, this does not affect the number of architectural monuments made in a variety of styles. This is not surprising, because throughout history the territory of the country was inhabited by various peoples: Celts, Romans, Gauls, each of which, undoubtedly, left its mark on the architecture of cities.
It is believed that Austria is the most beautiful country in Central Europe. Seeing with my own eyes Vienna, alpine villages, monumental palaces and monasteries, there is less and less doubt about this.
Vienna is the main diamond of Austria, the concentration of architectural beauties per square meter is simply indecent here. Parliament building, town hall, Burgtheater, Vienna Opera building, imperial palace, gothic St. Stephen's cathedral - the list goes on and on.
Gothic St. Stephen's Cathedral
In Vienna, you can see the"Plague Column" monument, which has been preserved since the plague of 1679. The monument is made in the Baroque style. Two famous architects, Augusto Sikkarlsburg and Eduard van der Nyul, had a hand in the building of the opera house. They adorned the project with early Renaissance features. Any spectator, even not versed in architecture, will be delighted with the architectural complex Schonbrunn.
There are also examples of more modern architecture in Vienna. At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, the appearance of the city was seriously influenced by the architect Otto Wagner, a designer of the modernist era. He did not hesitate to show creativity, and used reinforced concrete and aluminum as materials in his projects, an example of which is the building of the Postal Savings Bank.
The works of Adolph Loos, who worked in the Art Nouveau style, also stand out against the urban background. He adhered to a strict style, from under his pen, for example, came the House of Loos near Hovburg.
Do not ignore the House of Hundertwasser. This work of the architect Friedensreich Hundertwasser is a residential building and embodies the main ideas of the creator about the harmony of man with nature. The house is notable for its"hilly" number of storeys, its roof resembles a snail-shaped rise and is planted with all kinds of plants. The color palette of the house is varied, the shapes and sizes of the elements are asymmetrical.
Modern architecture in Austria demonstrates an incredibly attractive contrast between modern style and antique buildings.
Of course, not only Vienna is famous for its architecture. Cities such as Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck also have a lot to see.
The Reformist architectural style is firmly established in Graz. Everywhere there are Protestant buildings, many palaces, buildings of the old University and the Mausoleum.
Linz is a city, received the title of European Capital of Culture 2009. There are not so many architectural monuments as in Vienna or Salzburg, but the bet on new technologies and contemporary art is bearing fruit.
Salzburg is a city of magnificent churches. That only is the Cathedral in the center of the old city. Cozy squares, for example, Waagplatz or Alter Markt, complete the look of the city.
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Topic: Architecture of Austria.